AskDefine | Define estrone

Dictionary Definition

estrone n : a naturally occurring weak estrogenic hormone secreted by the mammalian ovary; synthesized (trade name Estronol) and used to treat estrogen deficiency [syn: oestrone, theelin, Estronol]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Noun

  1. An estrogenic hormone excreted by the ovaries; sometimed manufactured synthetically for use in cases of estrogen deficiency.

Synonyms

Extensive Definition

Estrone (also oestrone) is an estrogenic hormone secreted by the ovary.
Estrone is one of the three estrogens, which also include estriol and estradiol. Estrone is the least prevalent of the three hormones, estradiol being prevalent almost always in a female body, estriol being prevalent primarily during pregnancy. Estrone is relevant to health and disease due to its conversion to estrone sulfate, a long-lived derivative of estrone. Estrone sulfate acts as a pool of estrone which can be converted as needed to the more active estradiol.

Synthesis

Estrone is synthesized via aromatase from androstenedione, a derivative of progesterone. The conversion consists of the de-methylation of C-19 and the aromaticity of the 'A' ring. This reaction is similar to the conversion of testosterone to estradiol.

Additional images

Image:Reaction-Androstendione-Estrone.png|Androstenedione converting to estrone. Image:Steroidogenesis.gif|Steroidogenesis
estrone in German: Estron
estrone in French: Estrone
estrone in Dutch: Estron
estrone in Japanese: エストロン
estrone in Portuguese: Estrona
estrone in Russian: Эстрон
estrone in Finnish: Estroni
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